Tornado-G - Multiple Launch Rocket System


Pravda Report


Published on Apr 10, 2013

Tests of Russia's Tornado-G multiple launch rocket system tests will be completed by late May. A Defense Ministry source told the newspaper that the system will be test-fired at the Kapustin Yar development center in the Astrakhan Region.

Military and independent analysts have little doubt that the tests will be successful. The system will then be adopted by the Army to replace the Grad (Hail), Smerch (Sand Storm) and Uragan (Hurricane) multiple rocket launchers whose service lives will expire within the next eight years.

Viktor Murakhovsky, editor in chief of the defense industry magazine Arsenal, said the Russian Army still uses Soviet-made Grad systems which need replacing. "It would be better to replace them with new improved systems," he said.

The General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces estimates that the Army currently has about 600 multiple rocket launchers which are scheduled to be replaced with Tornado-G systems by 2020.

The Tornado-G version can fire 122-mm Grad munitions. The Tornado-U and Tornado-S versions are also available. The Tornado-U version can fire the same munitions as the 220-mm Uragan multiple rocket launcher. And the Tornado-S version can launch the same rockets used by the largest, 300-mm, Smerch multiple rocket launcher.

These modified, interchangeable variants differ only in their barrel diameter and can be converted to Tornado-G, Tornado-S or Tornado-U specifications.

The Tornado-G has two 15-barrel modules, and the Tornado-S features two six-barrel modules. Each launcher is mounted on a four-axle BAZ-6950 truck platform manufactured by Bryansk. Each launcher has an estimated cost of about 32 million rubles.

The Tornado multiple rocket launcher was developed by specialists at Splav (Alloy) State Research and Production Association in Tula, Russia. Splav was also the developer of the Grad, Smerch and Uragan systems. A corporate spokesperson noted that several dozen launchers could be produced annually but that production volumes could be increased. The spokesperson added that the Tornado system's range had increased two-and-a-half fold and that it could fire reconnaissance capsules that can hover above a battlefield, plus target acquisition systems and guided munitions. In the long run, the Tornado system will be able to launch cruise missiles and ballistic missiles.

Testing of the newest multiple launch rocket systems Tornado G

The Tornado-G MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System ) is an improved version of the standard Russian-made 122mm BM-21 rocket launcher system based on a Kamaz or Ural-4320 truck. The Tornado-G has been made to be full automatic. Operating crew has been reduced to three man compare to the six man crew of the BM-21 Grad. Previously, the BM-21 could loaded only from the rear and there was no automation system, no everything has be done from the crew cabin. The Tornado-G is intended to replace the old BM-21 Grad rocket launcher system. The Tornado-G is three times more efficient than its predecessors. Currently, the Tornado-G is in service with the Russian army since 2011. The Tornado-G was demonstrated for the first time during a military exercise in 2012.

- BM-21 "Grad": Original 40-round launcher, mounted on a Ural-375D truck.
- BM-21-1: Some systems use the Ural-43201 5t truck chassis with KamAZ-740 diesel engine of 210 hp.
2B17 or also BM-21-1: This upgrade was presented for the first time in 2003 and was developed by Motovilikha Plants from Perm. The system is fitted with a satellite navigation system NAP SNS, automated fire control system ASUNO, APP laying system and can fire a new generation of rockets with a range of 40 km. The truck is the Ural-43201.
- 9P138 "Grad-1": lighter 36-round version, mounted on a six-by-six ZIL-131 chassis. The vehicle with supporting equipment (rockets, transporter 9T450 and re-supply truck 9F380) is referred to as complex 9K55. The 9P138 can only use "short-range" rockets with a range of 15 km. He used to be known in the West as BM-21b or M1976.
- BM-21V "Grad-V" (Vozdushnodesantiy - 'airborne') (NATO designation M1975): Developed for airborne troops in 1969. A GAZ-66B four-by-four truck chassis is fitted with a 12-round 122 mm rocket launcher. The vehicle is sturdy enough to be air-dropped. Parts of the vehicle such as the canvas cab roof can be taken off or folded down to reduce its size during transit. Like the BM-21, the BM-21V has stabilizing jacks on the rear of the vehicle for support when firing. The launch vehicle has the industrial inex of 9P125.
- 9A51 "Prima": 50-round launcher on a Ural-4320 5t chassis. The vehicle together with fire control equipment, the ammunition transporter TZM 9T232M and the new rocket 9M53F is referred to as complex 9K59. Apparently only a small number was produced.
- 9K132 "Grad-P": Single-round man-portable launcher, which can be reloaded and used again.

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